Marcelo Worsley and Paulo Blikstein. 2013. Towards the development of multimodal action based assessment. In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Learning Analytics and Knowledge (LAK ’13), Dan Suthers and Katrien Verbert (Eds.). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 94-101.
In this paper, we describe multimodal learning analytics techniques for understanding and identifying expertise as students engage in a hands-on building activity. Our techniques leverage process-oriented data, and demonstrate how this temporal data can be used to identify elements of expertise among students. The proposed techniques introduce useful insights in how to segment and analyze this type of data, while also uncovering new ideas about how experts engage in building activities. Finally, this work serves to motivate additional research and development in the area of authentic, automated, process-oriented assessments.