Selected Publications

This is a list of selected publications from the most recent years. For a full list of publications, please go to the All Publications page. If you do not find what you are looking for, please email us at

* Students/Postdocs        ** Corresponding author


Blikstein, P., Kafai, Y., & Pea, R. (in press). Mike Eisenberg: A one-of-a-kind pioneer in the Learning Sciences. Journal of the Learning Sciences.

Blikstein, P. & Valente, J. A. (2019). Professional development and policymaking in maker education: Old dilemmas and familiar risks. Constructivist Foundations, 14(3), pp. 268-271. [PDF]

Valente, J. A. & Blikstein, P. (2019). Maker Education: Where Is the Knowledge Construction?. Constructivist Foundations, 14(3), pp. 252-262. [PDF]

Proctor, C. & Blikstein, P. (2019). Unfold Studio: Supporting critical literacies of text & code. Information and Learning Science, 120 (5/6), pp. 285-307. [PDF]

Blikstein, P. & Moghadam, S. H. (2019). Computing Education: Literature Review and Voices from the Field. In S. Fincher & A. Robins (Eds.), The Cambridge Handbook of Computing Education Research, pp. 56-78, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [PDF]


Blikstein, P. (2018). The History and Prospects of the Maker Movement in Education. In M. Vries (ed.), Springer International Handbooks of Education, pp. 419-437. [PDF]

Blikstein, P. (2018) Thinking with your fingers and touching with your mind: the cognitive dance of Edith Ackermann.  Infancia y Aprendizaje, 41(2), 248-286, DOI: 10.1080/02103702.2018.1450475

Schneider, B.* & Blikstein, P. (2018). Tangible User Interface and Contrasting Cases As A Preparation For Future Learning.  Journal of Science Education and Technology. DOI: 10.1007/s10956-018-9730-8

Chan, M. M.* , & Blikstein, P. (2018). Exploring Problem-Based Learning for Middle School Design and Engineering Education in Digital Fabrication Laboratories. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 12(2). doi: 10.7771/1541-5015.1746.

Hossain, Z.*, Bumbacher, E.*, Brauneis, A*., Diaz, M.*, Saltarelli, A.*,  Blikstein, P. & Riedel-Kruse, I. (2018).  Design Guidelines and Empirical Case Study for Scaling Authentic Inquiry-based Science Learning via Open Online Courses and Interactive Biology Cloud Labs. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education. doi: 10.1007/s40593-017-0150-3.


Bumbacher, E.*, Salehi, S.*, Wieman, C., & Blikstein, P. (2017). Tools for science inquiry learning: Tool affordances, experimentation strategies, and conceptual understanding.  Journal of Science Education and Technology, pp. 1-21. doi: 10.1007/s10956-017-9719-8

Worsley, M.* & Blikstein, P. (2017). A Multimodal Analysis of Making. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, pp. 1-35. doi: 10.1007/s40593-017-0160-1.

Worsley, M.* & Blikstein, P. (2017). On the origins of students’ ideas: Identifying reasoning strategies in the context of engineering design with everyday materials. Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research.

Zancul, E.S., Durão, L.F.C.S., Lopes, R.D., Nakano, D.N., Blikstein, P., Majzoub, G.G. & Leite, D.D.* (2017). Engineering Design Education: Comparing a Traditional Design Process to a Design Thinking Approach. International Journal of Engineering Education.

Blikstein, P., Kabayadondo, Z.*, Martin, A.*, & Fields, D. (2017). The Exploration and Fabrication Technology Index (EFTi): Assessment of unexplored technology and engineering literacies in makerspaces and educational FabLabs. Journal of Engineering Education, 106 (1), pp. 149-175.

Roschelle, J., Noss, R., Blikstein, P., & Jackiw, N. (2017). Technology for mathematical reasoning. In NCTM Research Handbook on Mathematics Education.


Hossain, Z.*, Chung, A.*, Bumbacher, E.*, Lee, S.*, Kim, H.*, Walter, A.*, Litton, C.*, Pradhan, S.*, Jona, K., Blikstein, P. & Riedel-Kruse, I. (2016). A Real-Time Interactive, Scalable Biology Cloud Experimentation Platform. Nature Biotechnology, 34, pp. 1293–1298.

Iversen, O., Smith, R.,  Blikstein, P., Katterfeldt, E. S. & Read, J. (2016). Digital fabrication in education: Expanding the research towards design and reflective practices. International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction, pp. 1-2.

Blikstein, P., Fuhrmann, T.*, & Salehi, S.* (2016). Using the Bifocal Modeling Framework to Resolve “Discrepant Events” Between Physical Experiments and Virtual Models in Biology. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 25 (4), pp. 513-526.

Christensen, K., Hjorth, M., Iversen, O., & Blikstein, P. (2016) Towards a formal assessment of design literacy: Analyzing K-12 students’ stance towards inquiry, Design Studies, 46, pp. 125-151.

Blikstein, P., Gomes, J.*, Akiba, H. T. & Schneider, B.* (2016). The Effect of Highly Scaffolded Versus General Instruction on Students’ Exploratory Behavior and Arousal. Technology, Knowledge, and Learning, pp. 1-24

Blikstein, P. & Worsley, M.* (2016). Multimodal Learning Analytics and Education Data Mining: using computational technologies to measure complex learning tasks. Journal of Learning Analytics,  3 (2), pp 220-238.

Schneider, B.* & Blikstein (2016). Using exploratory tangible user interfaces for supporting collaborative learning of probability. IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies,  9(1), 5-17.

Merceron, A., Blikstein, P., & Siemens, G. (2016). Learning analytics: From big data to meaningful data. Journal of Learning Analytics, 2 (3), pp. 4-8.

Sadler, J.*, Aquino Shluzas, L., & Blikstein, P. (2016). Building blocks in creative computing: Modularity increases the probability of creative prototyping success. International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, pp. 1-17.

Blikstein, P. (2016). Freire and Papert: Agency, Emancipation, and Technology. (original title in Portuguese: Freire and Papert : a tecnologia como um agente de emancipação). Education and Research,  42 (3), pp.837-856.

Sadler, J., Shluzas, L., Blikstein, P., and Srivastava, S. (2016). Can Anyone Make a Smart Device? Evaluating the Usability of a Prototyping Toolkit for Creative Computing. In H. Plattner, C. Meinel, & L. Leifer (Eds.), Design Thinking Research (vol. 8), Berlin, Germany: Springer International Publishing.

Blikstein, P. & Worsley, M. (2016). Children are not Hackers: Building a culture of powerful ideas, deep learning, and equity in the Maker Movement. In K. Peppler, E. Halverson, and Y. Kafai (Eds.), Makeology: Makerspaces as Learning Environments (Volume 1) (pp. 64-79), New York, NY: Routledge.


Blikstein, P. (2015) Computationally enhanced toolkits for children: historical review and a framework for future design. Foundations and Trends in Human-Computer Interaction, 1 (9), pp. 1-68.

Schneider, B.* & Blikstein, P. (2015). Unraveling students’ interaction around a tangible interface using multimodal learning analytics. jEDM-Journal of Educational Data Mining, 7(3), 89-116.

Hossain, Z.*, Jin, X.*, Bumbacher, E.*, Chung, A.*, Koo, S.*, Shapiro, J.*, Truong, C.*, Choi, S.*, Orloff, N.*, Blikstein, P., & Riedel-Kruse, I. (2015). Interactive cloud experimentation for biology: An online education case study. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. ACM, Seoul, South Korea, pp. 3681-3690 [Honorable mention award, top 5% of submissions].

Lee, S. A.*, Bumbacher, E.*, Chung, A.*, Cira, N.*, Walker, B.*, Park, J.*, Starr, B.*, Blikstein, P., & Riedel-Kruse, I. (2015). Trap it! : A playful human-biology interaction for a museum installation. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. ACM, Seoul, South Korea, pp. 2593-2602.


Worsley, M.* & Blikstein, P. (2014). Analyzing engineering design through the lens of learning analytics. Journal of Learning Analytics, 1 (2), pp. 151-186.

Blikstein, P.**, Worsley, M.*, Piech, C.*, Sahami, M., Cooper, S., & Koller, D. (2014). Programming pluralism: Using learning analytics to detect patterns in novices’ learning of computer programming. Journal of the Learning Sciences, 23 (4), pp. 561-599. [45 citation on Google Scholar] [PDF]

Berland, M., Baker, R., & Blikstein, P. (2014) Learning analytics in constructivist, inquiry-based learning environments. Technology, Knowledge, and Learning, 19 (1-2), pp. 205-220. [60 citation on Google Scholar]

Blikstein, P. (2014). Bifocal Modeling: Comparing physical and computational models linked in real time. In Nijholt, A. (Ed.), Playful learning interfaces (pp. 317-350),  Netherlands: Springer.


Schneider, B.*, Wallace, J.*, Blikstein, P.**, & Pea, R. (2013). Preparing for future learning with a tangible user interface: the case of neuroscience. IEEE Transaction on Learning Technologies, 6 (2), pp. 117-129. ISSN 1939-1382.

Blikstein, P. (2013). Digital fabrication and ’making’ in education: The democratization of invention. In J. Walter-Herrmann & C. Büching (Eds.), FabLabs: Of machines, makers and inventors (pp. 203-221). Bielefeld: Transcript Publishers. [281 citations on Google Scholar] [PDF]

Before 2012

Blikstein, P. & Wilensky, U. (2010). MaterialSim: An agent-based learning environment for advanced scientific content. In Jacobson, M. J., (Ed.), Designs for learning environments of the future (pp. 17-60), Netherlands: Springer.

Blikstein, P. & Wilensky, U. (2009). An atom is known by the company it keeps: Constructing multi-agent models in engineering education.  International Journal of Computers for Mathematical Learning, 14 (2), pp. 81-119, Netherlands: Springer. [62 citation on Google Scholar] [PDF]

Blikstein, P. (2008). Travels in Troy with Freire: Technology as an agent for emancipation in Noguera, P. & Torres, C. A. (Eds.), Social Justice Education for Teachers: Paulo Freire and the possible dream (pp. 205-244). Rotterdam, Netherlands: Sense. [44 citations on Google Scholar] [PDF]

Blikstein, P. (2006). Assessment and its discontents (“Mal-estar na avaliação”). In Silva, Marco (Ed.), Assessment in Online Learning (pp. 123-144). Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Ed. Loyola.

Blikstein, P. & Zuffo, M. K. (2004). The mermaids of electronic teaching (“As sereias do ensino eletrônico”). In Silva, Marco (Ed.), Educação Online: teoria, prática, legislação e treinamento corporativo. (“Online Education: theory, practice, legislation and corporate training.”) (pp. 10-37). Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Ed. Loyola. [Chosen by the Brazilian Literary Academic as one of the 10 best books in education in 2005.] [108 citations on Google Scholar] [PDF]

Blikstein, P. & Tschiptschin, A. (1999). Monte Carlo simulation of grain growth. Materials Research, 2 (3), pp.133-137.